The Effects of Immigration to the Development of the U.S as A Nation
Tori Nuariza Sutanto
Immigration is completely necessarry part of strategy to improve economic growth and prosperity. If a nation succeeds in giving prosperity to the citizen, this condition directly influences the development in another aspects because they can solve the prosperity problem.
For good reason, It is often said the United States is a nation of immigrants. Almost every person in the United States is descended from someone who arrived from another country. It is true that America was built by people who came from Europe a few centuries ago, but are there so many immigrants nows.
According to Blotnick 1987 : 108, Immigrants come from different countries, speak different languages, have different religious beliefs. But what is different is not necessarily worse, and probably the main thing that distinguishes immigrants is their attitude towards their future.
The causes of immigration
Hatton and Williamson (1998) view immigratio from a country during this time as being caused by up to five different factors:
(a) the difference in real wages between the country and the United States
(b) the rate of population growth in the country 20 or 30 years before
(c) the degree of industrialization and urbanization in the home country
(d) the volume of previous immigrants from that country or region
(e) economic and political conditions in the United States.
According to John Carey, 1989 ; 106, “America has a long heritage of welcoming immigrants, and throughout its history, the country has been reshaped and renewed by the talents, energy, and enterprise of new citizens. They may prove to be a critical advantage in the global economic competition of the 1990’s and the early 21st century”.
This essay aims to reveal the effects of immigration to the development of the United States as a nation. I would like to explore how the effects of certain aspects such as politic, social, culture and economy construct the development of the U.S. This lead to the contradiction whether the immigration give beneficial of bad effects to the United States.