Occupy Wall Street Movement As a form of Political Disobedience not a 21st Century Thoroeau’s Civil Disobedience
Tori Nuariza Sutanto
Occupy Wall Street Movement (OWS) began on September 17, 2011 in Liberty Square in Manhattan’s Financial District, USA. This movement spread over globally to cities and countries worldwide. OWS movement are fighting for the global capitalism that creates a collapsed of the global economic particularly in North American countries and Western European countries. Occupy movement has been a debate in the US whether it is considered as a Thoreau’s form civil disobedience or not. This paper aims to describe that Occupy Wall Street Movement is not 21st century form of civil disobedience compared from Thoreau’s concept of Civil Disobedience in his essay of ‘on the Duty of Civil Disobedience, 1849’
Occupy Wall Street movement (OWS) at the beginning is not publishized by national media, but it spreads out through social media and internet networks. This movement inspired by the pattern of Arab Spring revolution that succeeded to bring down dictatorship regime in Egypt and Tunisia. The participants comes from some of political mainstreams such as left wing activist, environmentalist, feminist, world peace activist, and labor union. OWS movement chooses the New York Wall Street as the symbol of world economic center of global capitalism. It spreads out to cities, countries, such as Okhlahoma, Seattle, Chigago, Paris, India, Germany, with the same target which are the symbols of global center economy within cities or countries. According to the official site of Occupy Wall steet movement, They claimed that their movement has spreaded over 100 in United States of America and 1500 cities globally worldwide. Continue reading “Occupy Wall Street Movement As a form of Political Disobedience not a 21st Century Thoroeau’s Civil Disobedience”
Merchantile Sytem in the American Early Colonies
Tori Nuariza Sutanto
Merchantilism is the political and economic strategic used by the European nations states as a doctrine in the early capitalist era around 1500 to 1850. The goal of this policies was to increase the wealth and power of the mother country by creating a balance between trade and domestic manufacturing. This paper aims to describe how the merchantile system shaped American early colonies. Throughout the paper I intend to demonstrate that the merchantile system create such a rapid change in the colonies ; land expansion, enslavement, forming wealthy elites and etc.
According to Laura La Hayye, Merchantilism is economic nationalism for the purpose of building a wealthy and powerful state. While Adam Smith tells merchantile system as the system of political economy that sought to enrich the country by restraining imports and encouraging exports. According to the book of History and Economics, The economic trends change from feudalism to merchantilism because three powerful forces ; the rise of the nation states, the commercial revolution, and the decline of the medieval economy. Also, the new ways of thinking about economic activity emphasizes on production.
The emergence of the nation states, move away from feudalism, have a consequence that is a competition among European nation states. Holland, France, Spain, England competed each other to became the most powerful nations. The main point of merchantilism is to increase the wealth of the nations. Those nations were frequently fighting in war. As a consequence, money needed to support their expansion to the other land in terms of military (army and navy). To be wealthier, those nations needed the other nations, states, or city or land to be exploited. Trade, conquest, colonialism, became their ways to increase wealth. Contextually, this condition triggers the commercial revolution which encompasses on the increasing of volume of trade, widened geographical scope of the trade, and creating new products. Continue reading “Merchantile System in the American Early Colonies”