“Catatan Tentang Media Massa dan Kondisi De-Demokratisasi Akhir Tahun Ini”

Catatan Tentang Media Massa dan Kondisi De-Demokratisasi Akhir Tahun Ini*

tv-media-octopus

Oleh Tori Nuariza **

Belum lama Republik ini baru saja menuntaskan hajatan besar Pemilihan Presiden 2014 yang tentu, menguras habis energi politik kita, sangat emosional bahkan dorongan psikologis politik telah menghadapkan anak-anak Bangsa dalam dua kubu berlawanan. Kontestasi PILPRES 2014 bagaimanapun telah usai, namun masih menyisakan suhu politik yang sewaktu-waktu dapat memanas kembali. Konon status quo ini masih akan terus berlanjut, melibatkan tidak hanya elite politik, akan tetapi simpatisan, relawan, intelektual partisan, dan elemen pendukung lain pun ikut turun tangan. Menariknya, pertempuran dua kubu semakin sengit dengan menggunakan senjata pengaruh media (baik cetak, elektronik, maupun digital), jaringan social media, jurnalisme warga, dan pengaruh propaganda, bahkan psy war. Disinilah posisi media massa, pers dan dunia jurnalisme pantas diuji kelayakannya dalam rangkaian kode etik, obyektifitas, dan independensi.

Continue reading ““Catatan Tentang Media Massa dan Kondisi De-Demokratisasi Akhir Tahun Ini””

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Counter Depiction of Female Gender Stereotypes NIKITA Film Series (2010-2013)

Counter Depiction of Female Gender Stereotypes
 in Nikita Film Series (2010-2013)

Tori Nuariza Sutanto Nikita

Introduction

Generally, The idea of Gender Stereotypes terminology ‘ are simplistic generalizations about the gender attributes, differences, and roles of individuals or groups. According to Dyer (1993), it explores function that might be viewed more positively as ordering process or short cut, negatively arbitrariness in using stereotypes could be generalized individuals or groups uniqueness, feeling, and aspirations. For instance, female gender stereotypes provide beliefs that all woman have to be married and care her children in first priority, also are weaker than men, fragile, do not belong in positions of authority, have to be look pretty, an object of men, be flirtatious, enjoy cooking, like flowers and dolls (Lee & Fiske, 2008). Since, the mainstream gender stereotypes are represented commonly through media such as films, advertisements, music videos, photography, and other media, This paper aims to analyze counter depiction of woman Gender Stereotypes through popular film series Nikita (2010-2013) in American Television Channel Warner TV. Furthermore, this Nikita Film series could also be seen by Indonesian viewers who has cable television channels or in SINDO TV, one of Multi-National-Corporation (MNC) TV. What interested for me in this film series, at the very beginning were action-oriented, drama, thriller series, also psychological spy-fiction genre and the plot of female super agent who were doing mission of Division Agency, a U.S Top Secret Counter-Terrorism Intelligence Operation Agency. This film employs new technology of intelligence operation and conflicts of the member of the Division which portrayals the possibility of competition among U.S individual agent and also Intelligence Agencies. The fact, in which, this film series which released 2010-2013 the story developed by Craig Silverstein, based on adoption of the French Film La Femme Nikita by Luc Benson, then in 1997 Joel Surnow, starting to directed this American version in USA Network, also the movie version in 1993, entitled The Remake Point of No Return (1993). The latest version in which adopted for American Television succeeded and nominated in some American TV Awards. Thus, This film is popular, then it depicts new images of Tough Woman who are brave, smart, strong and be a core of her team, a  new model of Female Hero. Continue reading “Counter Depiction of Female Gender Stereotypes NIKITA Film Series (2010-2013)”

Pilihan Sulit Indonesia : Poros Tiongkok ?, Poros Washington ?, Ataukah Jalan Ketiga?

Pilihan Sulit Indonesia : Poros Tiongkok ?, Poros Washington ?, Ataukah Jalan Ketiga?*

Gambar

Oleh : Tori Nuariza **

         ASEAN as a concert of Southeast Asian Nations, outward looking, living in peace, stability, and prosperity, bonded together in partnership in a just, democratic, and harmonious environment, dynamic development, and evercloser economic integration and in community of caring societies, conscious of its ties of history, aware of its shared culture heritage and bound by a common regional identity (Visi ASEAN 2020)

                Slogan ASEAN One Vision, One Identity, One Community, ibarat sihir bagi masyarakat awam yang seolah akan melepas dahaga akan hausnya kemakmuran, kesejahteraan, dan keadilan social. Besar, kemungkinan cita ASEAN Community 2015 dengan 3 pilarnya (Political-Security Community, Economic Community, Socio-cultural Community) agaknya terpengaruh oleh dua mimpi besar dunia European Dream dan American Dream. Lebih lanjut dua mimpi besar itu yakni, European Dream yang telah menyatukan 25 negara Eropa hingga terbentuklah European Union, ataukah sejarah tentang kisah 13 koloni Amerika yang bersatu melawan kolonialisasi Inggris hingga terbentuklah United States of America (USA) pada 1776. Bung Sulastomo, Mantan Ketum PB HMI 1963-1966, kemudian mencoba menawarkan The Indonesian Dream sebagai tanggapan atas tulisan Alfan Alfian Mimpi Pancasila yang tak pernah Terwujud (Kompas, 14/3/2006) dikutip dalam (Sulastomo, 2008 :3). Tampaknya Bung Sulatomo ingin menawarkan strategi Welfare State Indonesia dalam berselancar dalam hempasan samudera Globalisasi dan Ekonomi Pasar. Ditengah 3 mimpi di atas, kemudian disepakatilah ASEAN Charter yang ditandatangani oleh 10 Kepala Negara ASEAN yang merupakan dasar bagi terbentuknya ASEAN Community serta Visi ASEAN 2020, agar lebih mudah saya bahasakan ASEAN Dream dengan cita menyatukan dan menyeragamkan masyarakat Negara yang tergabung dalam ASEAN dalam suatu identitas, visi, dan komunitas, Mungkinkah ??

Seiring dengan Spirit Postmodernisme dalam mengkritik wacana-wacana modern yang dianggap gagal dan usang, fakta bahwa European Dream dianggap telah gagal karena sangat sulit percaya bahwa ketika Great Recession 2008 Inggris, Jerman, Perancis tidaklah banyak menolong Yunani, Portugal, dan Spanyol yang mengalami krisis ekonomi hingga membuat meledaknya angka pengangguran. Begitu pula, American Dream yang dalam dinamika sejarah Amerika Serikat tetap sulit memberikan persamaan hak dan kesempatan dalam masyarakat karena dominasi kelompok Kulit Putih (White Anglo Saxon-Protestant) tetap dominan, kelas kulit berwarna (African American, Hispanic, dll) tetap dianggap kelas kedua dalam realitas bermasyarakat. Lantas Bagaimana dengan Indonesian Dream ? bagaimana dengan posisi Pancasila dalam masyarakat kita ? masih relevankah kemudian kita untuk percaya kepada sihir ASEAN Dream tanpa siasat apapun?

Continue reading “Pilihan Sulit Indonesia : Poros Tiongkok ?, Poros Washington ?, Ataukah Jalan Ketiga?”

Intellectuals Role In The American Revolution

Intellectuals Role In The American Revolution

Tori Nuariza Sutanto

Introduction

The success and failure of a Nation can be determined by their historical process” (Prof. Djoko Suryo)

            That it is a quote from Prof. Djoko Suryo, a prominent Indonesian Historian in which I have ever been followed on a seminar. Intelligence to read age signs or zeitgeist, futuristic vision and orientation, adaptive determination, integrity and commitment were one of important aspects of the social change and reform formula. Social engineering can not be succeeded without an understanding of social dynamics, culture and historical experience. In addition, historical actor and historical agent plays an important and vital role on that process, at least that what I have been taught from Prof. Djoko Suryo, who in this way to have that academic arguments analyzying ‘French Revolution’ and ‘Industrial Revolution’. Daniel Dhakidae, Cendekiawan dan Kekuasaan (2003), stated that intellectuals can make a thing that is never imagined before. This paper would like to expose the role of intellectuals in the American Revolution, how the intellectuals can be historical agents and actors to force radical change. This paper objective is on the intellectuals role, the framing of revolution, and its outcome. I realize that the American Revolution is an old topic that has been academic discourses, debates, and discussions, but this paper is trying to open up a different perspective to see the American revolution. This paper will also describe the trend of interpretations on the American revolution by some scholars, in an attempt to be more understand this revolution. Continue reading “Intellectuals Role In The American Revolution”

Occupy Wall Street : A Kind of Postmodern Social Movement

Occupy Wall Street : A Kind of Postmodern Social Movement

Tori Nuariza Sutanto

Introduction

“We are the 99% that will no longer tolerate the greed and corruption of the 1%”, is a popular slogan of Occupy Wall Street (OWS) Protesters means, that if economy get better those (1%) take the advantage, while if the economy get worse We (99%) that inevitably have to be responsible. We Are the 99%, is the central message that represents the symbol of U.S majority and word that faced same experience and struggle caused of ruling class and capitalist exploitation in the economic, social, and political structure (Iqra, 2013). The idea of choosing Wall Street, a street in the Manhattan New York that the basis of world financial corporations where many Bankers worked, Bankers was blamed as the actor caused crisis that academically called monopoly-finance-capital. The state reacted toward the crisis by forcing bail out to collapsed companies and corporations, while on the other hand, U.S majority became jobless, a lack of housing settlement, low income, and felt the higher cost of education and health caused by the crisis. Therefore, The consequence of U.S 2008 economic crisis, triggered ‘Occupying’ movement by thousands of U.S citizens with background of ; old, young, middle class, jobless, intellectual, student, lecture, and activist. The topic of Occupy Wall Street has been a debate and popular topic on the scope of social studies, Marxist, Social-democratic, Left-wing activist, social sciences, and etc. that it not only became U.S phenomenon but also a global phenomenon since it spread out rapidly worldwide. Following This, this paper objective is to find that Occupy Wall Street can be considered as kind of post-modern social movement. I will employ the Robert Walker (1992) modes of social change and analyze whether OWS classified as the Walker modes of social change in the context of post-modern framework. This paper distinctive with previous research, essay, or arguments, are 1) its insight of anatomy of the OWS in the context of philosophically postmodernism discourse and the practically in the impact  of post-modernity (reality of post-industrial society) framework 2) its analysis of the dynamics, characteristics, and actors of the movement 3) using Walker modes of social change to see historically same spirit, form of characteristics of Reform and social change in the U.S that there is a possibility of new modes of social change. Continue reading “Occupy Wall Street : A Kind of Postmodern Social Movement”

The Relevance of Protestant Ethics and the Development of Early Capitalism

The Relevance of Protestant Ethics and the Development of

Early Capitalism

Tori Nuariza Sutanto

“The Character of United States America – its language, laws, constitution, political structure, economic system – is British to the core” (Joseph Fallon, 2001)

            Regarding to the statement of Joseph Fallon, in his articles of the British character of the United States of America (2001), it will be interesting  for me to scrutinize –what has been discussed frequently in almost hundred years -, the American character.  John Jay, one of U.S early leaders, emphasized in the Federalist Papers, wrote that Americans are a people descended from the same ancestors, speaking the same language, professing the same religion, attached from the same principles of the government, very similar in the customs and manners, that Americans treasured were British.  According to what John Jay and Joseph Fallon arguments, to draw what happened in the early historic of Colonial America, was the fact that there was homogeneity of religion. The entire population of early United States, which numbered approximately four million, both Black and White, was Christian, specifically protestant and adherents to the British denominations, Anglicanism and Prebystrianism (Fallon, 2001 :4). For that reason, Luther S Ludtke (1992), in his article The search of American Character, stated that Americans were White Anglo-Saxon Protestant. In pursuing the Freedom of religion and prosperity, those who are the early settlers of America particularly the Anglicanism or Puritanism, dynamically shaping the American Character. While most Americans today reject certain features of Puritanism (e.g religious intolerance), however, some puritan beliefs have had an impact on American political-religious development and culture, Puritanism’s Legacy for instance; Covenant theology and the social contract, The city upon a hill and American destiny, Congregationalism and Democracy, Original sin and Limited Government (Corbett, 1999: 37-39). Furthermore, Puritans who followed Calvinist doctrine had a particular topic that has been  discussed among scholars until now, after the first publication of Max Weber Essay, Protestant Ethic and The Spirit Capitalism (1904). Weber Protestant Ethic thesis concerned on the relation between Puritanism and the Spirit of Capitalism. Debate rooms among scholars were, does Weber would like to claim that Capitalism produce from Puritanism or Calvinism impact ??. Thus, This essay aims to scrutinize the relevance of Weber Thesis Protestant Ethics and the Spirit of Capitalism. In addition, This essay connects the relation of capitalism, religion, and social change. It is significant to see the role of religious faith (Puritanism) to trigger the social change. Continue reading “The Relevance of Protestant Ethics and the Development of Early Capitalism”

The Depiction of Occupy Wall Stret Movement In The Movie of Dark Knight Rises (2012)

The Depiction of Occupy Wall Stret Movement In The Movie of

 Dark Knight Rises (2012)   

Tori Nuariza Sutanto

Abstract

The Dark Knight Rises (2012) is the third series of Christopher Nolan Trilogy of an epic story of The Gotham City Hero called Batman in which the continuation of Batman Begins (2005) and the Dark Knight (2008). It is released in July, 12 2012. This third series of Batman’s movies publicly provokes controversy in the depiction of Bane’s movement as the potrayal of Occupy Wall Street Movement. This papers will reveal the depiction of the Bane’s Movement in the middle of the rise of OWS movement in U.S and its significance.  Continue reading “The Depiction of Occupy Wall Stret Movement In The Movie of Dark Knight Rises (2012)”